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History of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the major parties in the Indian Political System.  It is commonly referred as “BJP”. BJP was established in year 1980.

The Official Ideology and Central Philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party is "Integral Humanism", which is based on the ideology put forward by Deendayal Upadhyaya. The ideology was put forward by Upadhyay in four lectures in Bombay in 1965. BJP also cites "Hindutva" as its core ideology. It defined Hindutvas as "Cultural Nationalism".

History of BJP

Bharatiya Jana Sangh (1951-1980)

  • The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) was founded in year 1951.
  • Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee was the founder of the BJP.
  • BJP opposed the appeasement policy of the Indian National Congress.
  • Dr. Mookerjee’s died while in prison in the year 1953. Deendayal Upadhyaya  took responsibility of the party as the leader.
  • Deendayal Upadhyaya remained BJP's general secretary for 15 years. He is credited with grooming of future political leaders like Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L.K. Advani.
  • BJP is a part of the Sangh Parivar with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) as a primary body. 
  • The Jana Sangh, in 1952, won just three Lok Sabha seats in the first general elections. Its strength increased in 1962.
  •  After 1967, the party entered into coalition with other parties to form several state governments.
  • BJP participated in the political agitation against the emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi in the 70's. 

The Jana Sangh along with many other political parties merged with the Janata Party in 1977 to present a united opposition to the Congress.

  • In 1977, the Janata Party won with a huge majority and formed the government with Morarji Desai as Prime Minister.
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the leader of the Jana Sangh after Upadhyaya's death in 1967. He was appointed as the external affairs minister in the new government. 
  • After the resignation of Morarji Desai as the prime minister, the Janata government did not last long and was consequently dissolved. 

Bharatiya Janata Party (1980)

  • 1980 - Bharatiya Janata Party founded by members of former Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee was BJP's first president.
  • BJP won assembly elections of Delhi in 1993
  • BJP won Gujarat and Maharashtra state elections in March 1995
  • BJP president L.K. Advani declared A.B. Vajpayee as the candidate for Prime Minister position if the BJP won the next parliamentary elections in 1996.
  • BJP emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha and Vajpayee became the Prime minister. The government lasted only 13 days.
  • 1998 Lok Sabha elections BJP led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) obtained a simple majority. BJP had allied with the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), Biju Janata Dal, Samata Party, Shiromani Akali Dal and Shiv Sena. Outside support was provided by the Telugu Desam Party (TDP). Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister for the second time.
  • The coalition ended in May 1999 when the leader of AIADMK, Jayalalitha, withdrew her support, and fresh elections were held.
  • On 13 October 1999, the BJP-led NDA won 303 seats. The BJP had its highest ever tally of 183 seats in Lok Sabha.
  • A.B. Vajpayee became prime minister for the third time and L.K. Advani became the deputy prime minister and Home Minister. The NDA government lasted its full term of five years.
  • Vajpayee government continued the liberal economic policies initiated by the previous Congress government under P. V. Narasimha Rao.
  • The NDA government facilitated the privatization drive. It implemented the World Trade Organisation (WTO) guidelines.
  • The BJP and the NDA was defeated in the 2004 general elections.
  • 2008, the BJP won the state elections in Karnataka.
  • BJP was defeated in 2009 general elections and its strength in Lok Sabha was 116 seats. 

 History of Bharatiya Janata Party in General Elections: 

General Election

Seats Won

% of votes

1980, 7th Lok Sabha

0

0

1984, 8th Lok Sabha

2

7.74%

1989, 9th Lok Sabha

85

11.36

1991, 10th Lok Sabha

120

20.11

1996, 11th Lok Sabha

161

20.29

1998, 12th Lok Sabha

182

25.59%

1999, 13th Lok Sabha

182

23.75

2004, 14th Lok Sabha

138

22.16%

2009, 15th Lok Sabha

116

18.80%

2014, 16th Lok Sabha

TBD

TBD

Party structure

The highest authority in the party is the president and the BJP constitution provides for a three-year term for that office.

Rajnath Singh held this post from 2006 to 2009; he was succeeded by Nitin Gadkari. 
Other important positions in BJP include Vice-Presidents, General-Secretaries, Treasurers and Secretaries.

Presidents of The BJP

Year

Name

1980–1986

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

1986–1991

Lal Krishna Advani

1991–1993

Murli Manohar Joshi

1993–1998

Lal Krishna Advani

1998–2000

Kushabhau Thakre

2000–2001

Bangaru Laxman

2001–2002

Jana Krishnamurthi

2002–2004

Venkaiah Naidu

2004–2006

Lal Krishna Advani

2006–2009

Rajnath Singh

2009–2013

Nitin Gadkari

2013 – present

Rajnath Singh