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Combined Defence Services

CDS Physical Standards

A number of candidates who clear the initial selection process are rejected on Medical examination. It is therefore advisable to understand the requirements and get themselves medically examined before appearing for exams just to avoid any disappointments.

Medical Examination Process:

  • A candidate recommended by the Services Selection Board will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers.
  • Women candidates will undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising male/ female doctors/ specialists/ Gynecologist. There will be a lady Medical Officer as member of Board.
  • The proceedings of the Medical Board are confidential and will not be divulged to anyone.
  • The candidate declared unfit will be intimated by the President of the Medical Board.
  • The candidate will also be intimated about the procedure for Appeal Medical Board.
  • Candidates declared unfit during Appeal Medical Board will be intimated about the provision of Review Medical Board.
  • Candidates declared unfit during Appeal Medical Board will be intimated about the provision of Review Medical Board.

Candidates must be Physically and Mentally fit according to the prescribed standards. The detailed guidelines are given below.

General Physical and Mental Standards

  • The candidate must be in good physical and mental health and free from any disease/disability which is likely in interfere with the efficient performance of military duties.
  • It is advised to undergo a preliminary medical check-up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, fungal infection of skin and also gynaecomasties, etc for female candidates before reporting for the SSB interview.
  • A candidate should have no past history of mental breakdown or fits.
  • There should be no evidence of weak constitution, bodily defects or under weight.
  • The candidate should not be overweight or obese.
  • Chest should be healthy.
    • The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms.
    • X-Ray of the chest is compulsory and will be taken to rule out any disease of the chest.
  • There should be no disease of bones and joints of the body.

Height and weight standards

Height/Weight Standards for Male Candidates

Height (in cm)

Weight (in kg)


18 years

20 years

22 years

152

44 (45 navy)

46

47

155

46

48 (47 navy)

49

157

47

49

50

160

48

50

51

162

50

52

52

165

52

53

55

168

53

55

57

170

55

57

58

173

57

59

60

175

59

61

62

178

60

62

63

180

63

64

65

183

65

67

67

185

67

69

70

188

70

71

72

190

72

73

74

193

74

76

77

195

77

78

78


Height/Weight Standards for Female Candidates

Height (in cm)

Weight (in kg)


20 years

25 years

30 years

150

39

41

43

153

40

47.2

43.5

155

43

44

46

158

45

46

48

160

46

47

49

163

47

49

51

165

49

51

53

168

50

52

54

  • Minimum acceptable height for male candidates is 157.5 cms. (157 for Navy and 162.5 cms for Air Force)
  • For women candidates, minimum acceptable height is 152 cms.
  • For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North Eastern regions of India, Garhwal and Kumaon, minimum acceptable height will be 152.5 cms.
  • For candidates from Lakshadweep, minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cms.
  • The above concessions are not applicable for Navy and Air Force
  • A ± 10% (for Navy and Air force) departure from the average weight given in the table is considered within normal limit.
  • For individuals with heavy bones and broad build as well as individuals with thin but otherwise healthy, this limit may be further relaxed to some extent on merit.

Teeth Conditions

  • The candidates should have sufficient number of natural and sound teeth.
    • A minimum of 14 dental points will be acceptable.
    • A candidate should not be suffering from severe pyorrhoea.

Ear, Nose and Throat Conditions

  • The hearing should be normal.
  • A candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms in a quite room.
  • There should be no evidence of present or past disease of the ear, nose and throat.
  • Audiometric test will be done for AF. Audiometric loss should not exceed+20 db in frequencies between 250Hz and 4000 Hz.

Vision Standards

  • Male
    • A candidate should be able to read 6/6 in a distant vision chart with each eye with or without glasses (For navy and Air Force without glasses only).
      • Myopia should not be more than 3.5D
      • Hypermetropia should not be more than 3.5D including Astigmatism.
  • Women
    • A candidates should be able to read 6/6 (better eye) and 6/8 (worse eye) in a distant vision chart with or without glasses
    • Myopia should not be more than minus 5.5 including Astogination.
    • Internal examination of the eye will be done by means of ophthalmoscope to rule out any disease of the eye.
    • A candidate must have good binocular vision.
    • The colour vision standard will be CP-III.
    • A candidate should be able to recognise red and green colours.

Radial keratotomy and Laser Surgery

  • Candidates who have undergone or have the evidence of having undergone Radial Keratotomy, to improve the visual acuity, will be permanently rejected for all the three services.
  • In orer to detect PRK/LASIK all the candidates at SMB will be subjected to the measurement of Axial length by A-Scan biometer.
  • Candidates who have undergone Laser Surgery for correction of refractive error will be considered for commission in Army if they fulfill following criteria:
    • Age more than 20 years.
    • Uncomplicated stable LASIK/Excimer (PRK) laser procedure done for Myopia or Hypermetropia, with stable refraction for a period of six months after the procedure.
    • A healthy retina.
    • Corrected vision should be 6/6 in better eye and 6/9 in worse eye, with maximum residual refraction of +1.50 in any meridian for myopia or hypermetropia.
    • Axial length within permissible limits.

Other Physical Ailments

  • There should be no signs of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessels.
  • Blood pressure should be normal.
  • The muscles of abdomen should be well developed and there should be no enlargement of liver or spleen.
  • Any evidence of disease of internal organs of the abdomen will be a cause for rejection.
  • Un-operated hernias will make a candidate unfit. In case of Hernia which has been operated, a minimum of 1 year must have passed prior to final medical examination.
  • There should be no hydrocele, varicocele or piles.
  • Urine examination will be done and any abnormality if detected will be a cause for rejection.
  • Any disease of skin which is likely to cause disability or disfigurement will also be a cause for rejection.
  • For women candidates if pregnancy is detected at any stage, after selection at SSB or during training will debar the candidates including issue less widow divorcee from grant of commission.

Standards for Air-Force

In addition to the above, the following medical standards will be applicable in respect of Air force candidates only:

  • X-ray of Cervical and Lumbosacral spine will be carried out. The following conditions detected in the X-ray will be disqualifying :
    • Granulomatius disease of spine.
    • Arthritis/spondylosis
    • Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degree for Army).
    • More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
    • Spondylolisthesis/Spondylosis.
    • Herniated nucleus pulposes.
    • Compression fracture of Vertebra.
    • Sacaralisation Disease
    • Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
    • Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
    • Atlanto-occipital, and atlanto-axial anomalies.
    • Incomplete Sacaralisation Unilateral or Bilateral
    • Spinabifida other than SV 1 and LV 5
    • Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist.

Anthropometric (Body) Measurements for Air Force Pilot

Leg length

99.00cm – 120.00cm

Thigh length

Max 64.00cm

Sitting height

81.50cm – 96.00cm

  • Carrying angle of elbow should not be more than 100 (ten degree).

Vision Standards

Uncorrected without glass

6/6, 6/9

Corrected with glass

6/6 (only for Hypermetropia)

Limits of Myopia

Nil

Limits of Hypermetropia

+2.00 D Sph

Colour Vision

CPI (MLT)

Astigmatism

+0.75 Cyl

Near Vision

N-5 each eye

  • Binocular Vision Must possess good binocular vision (fusion and Stereopsis with good amplitude and depth)
  • Ocular Muscle Balance Heterophoria with the Maddox Rod Test must not exceed:
  • At 6 meters :
    • Exophoria 6 prism dioptres.
    • Esophoria 6 prism dioptres.
    • Hyper/Hypophoria 1 prism dioptre.
  • At 33 cms.:
    • Exophoria 16 prism dioptres.
    • Esophoria 6 prism dioptres
    • Hyper/Hypophora 1 prism dioptres.

The Medical standards for candidates of Naval Aviation Branch will be the same as for flying duties of Air Force.