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National Defense Academy and Naval Academy

NDA Exam Pattern

The entrance for National Defense Academy comprises of a Written Exam followed by and Intelligence and Personality Test. The details follow:

  • The written exam consist of two papers.

Written Examination




Maximum Marks



2.5 hours



General Ability Test

2.5 hours




General (but important) instructions about written examination

  • The General Ability Test consists of



Maximum Marks

Part A



Part B

General Knowledge




  • The papers in all the subjects consist of Objective (multiple choice answer) Type questions only.
  • Question Papers of Paper I – Mathematics and Part B of Paper II will be set in English and Hindi.
  • SI units will be used in the papers and Candidates should use only International form of Indian numerals (i.e. 1,2,3,4,5,6 etc.) while answering question papers.
  • Commission have discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the examination.
  • Candidates are not permitted to use calculators for answering objective type papers (Test Booklets).

For more detailed exam instructions for Conventional and Objective type papers go through Exam instructions

For Syllabus of the papers check the NDA Subject list.


  • The Union Public Service Commission will declare a qualified list of candidates (based on the written exam).
  • The selected candidates will appear before a Services Selection Board for Intelligence and Personality Test.
  • Candidates for the Army/Navy wings of the NDA and Executive branch of Naval Academy will be assessed on officers potentiality
  • Candidates for the Air Force wing, along with officer potentiality assessment, will also undergo a Pilot Aptitude Test.

Two Stage Selection Procedure

  • Two stage selection procedure will be based on Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test.
  • Al the candidates will be put to stage one test on first day of reporting at Selection Centres/Air Force Selection Boards.
  • Only those candidates who qualify at stage one will be admitted to the second stage.
  • Those candidates who qualify stage II will be required to submit the original Certificates along with one photocopy each of :
    • Original Matriculation pass certificate or equivalent in support of date of birth
    • Original 10+2 pass certificate or equivalent in support of educational qualification
  • For final qualification, candidates for the Army/Navy and Naval Academy should secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in (i) Written examination and (ii) Officer potentiality test, and candidates for the Air Force should secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in (i) Written examination (ii) Officer potentiality test, and (iii) Pilot Aptitude Test as fixed by the Commission in their discretion.
  • Qualified candidates will then be placed in the final order of merit on the basis of total marks secured by them in the Written examination, and the Services Selection Board Tests in three separate lists:
    • Army and the Navy,
    • Air Force
    • Executive course at the Naval Academy.
  • The names of candidates who qualify for all the Services of NDA and the Naval Academy will appear in all the three Merit Lists.
  • The final selection for admission will be made in order of merit depending on the number of vacancies in each wing.
  • The selection will be subject to medical fitness and suitability in all other respects.
  • NOTE: A candidate who fails in the Pilot Aptitude Test cannot apply for admission to the National Defence Academy Examination, the Air Force wing or General Duties (Pilot) Branch or Naval Air Arm.

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